Dimataling is also one of the coastal towns within the Baganian Peninsula which is endowed with rich marine product. Fishing and Agar-Agar plantation is one of the major sources of livelihood of the coastal residents.The major agricultural crops being produced in the municipality are rice, corn, copra/coconut, cassava, banana, mangoes and some other fruit trees.
The Municipality of Dimataling is composed of 24 barangays with a population of 27,715 with 5,770 households as of the 2010 census.
It is situated at the eastern part of the Baganian Peninsula, south of Pagadian City, comprising the western shores of Illana Bay; bounded by the municipalities of Dinas and San Miguel on the North; by Illana Bay on the east; by the Municipality of Tabina and Pitogo on the South; and by portions of the Municipalities of Margosatubig, VincinsoSagun and Maligay Bay on the West.
The physical feature of Dimataling is described as moderately rolling to steep, mountains. The eastern and southern section of the municipality is characterized as having a flat to gently undulating mountains. The north and western part of the town has a moderately rolling slopes ranging from 5º to 15º, except for the area where Mt. Buga is located. Mt. Buga the highest peak in the area has an altitude of 500 meters above sea level.
As part of the province of Zamboanga del Sur, Dimataling has a very good amount of rainfall. The climate is naturally mild and ideal for agricultural purposes with its fertile soil as its boosting factor. The area will be relatively dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year. Annual average rainfall will vary from 44.5m and not more than 100m. Rainiest month from June to October and gradually declines from November to December. The temperature in the municipality is fairly warm. This belongs to Type 1V of climate classification. The effect of typhoon winds is minimal. Thus, crops and dwelling places seldom encounter damages and destruction.
With various soil types found in Zamboanga del Sur, this municipality stands out to be different from the rest of the towns. Soil is the natural medium of plant growth. The Soils Division of the Department of Agriculture Region 1X has classified the soils of Dimataling into three basic soil type advantages namely:
- Hydrosol – This type of soil found in wet places such as swamps and marshes and is best suited for fishponds and fish culture
- Dimataling Clay Loam – This type of soil is best suited for the cultivation of lowland rice, corn, tree crops /orchards, coconuts, vegetables and other seasonal crops.
- Faraon Clay Loam – This soil type is best suited for the cultivation of tobacco, coconut, corn, upland rice, rootcrops.
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